Dietary Diversity and its Relationship with Nutritional Status among Adolescents and Adults in Rural India
|Title||Dietary Diversity and its Relationship with Nutritional Status among Adolescents and Adults in Rural India|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Nithya D.J., Bhavani R.V.|
|Journal||Journal of Biosocial Science|
|Keywords||Dietary Diversity, nutrition, Rural India|
Dietary diversity is associated with household or individual food availability and intake of nutrients from different food groups and is an important component of nutritional outcome. This study examined the Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) and the Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR) of three dietary diversity indices and their relationship with the nutritional status of adolescents and adults in rural regions of two states in India, Wardha district in Maharashtra and Koraput district in Odisha, in 2014. Individual dietary diversity was calculated using 24-hour diet recall (FS24hr) data and household dietary diversity was measured with food frequency data using Berry’s index (DDI) and food scores (FSFFQ). The nutritional status of individuals was assessed using anthropometric indices. The diets in both locations were cereal dominated. It was observed that 51% of adolescent boys and 27% of adolescent girls had ‘thinness’ and stunting.